Hemp is an erect, short-lived, perennial herb. The tall canel like stalks are erect, with a fern-like base and slender leaflets. The leafy flowers are large and green with pale yellow at the base and white at the apex. The marigold-scented flowers open to show eight oval-shaped petals. Marigold has been used as a culinary and aromatherapy ingredient.
Traditionally, hemp was used in America for paper and clothing but its uses are not limited to these areas. It has a number of industrial applications including rope, sails, hosiery, sails for boats and ships, fabric and paper. The fiber from hemp is extremely strong and durable and is available in natural fibers such as hemp stocking and linen. As an agricultural crop it is suitable for cultivation in arid climates with an abundance of water and shade.
To cultivate hemp, a vigorous growing plant needs to be started from seed, which is readily available at any local garden nursery or seed center. Hemp plants are known to grow up to 12 feet high and have a spread of up to three feet. Hemp can be started from seedlings found at the nursery, on public land that is allowed for growing, or from seedlings taken from the garden. Seedlings can also be started from cuttings taken from the garden.
Hemp grows well in full sun but prefers partial shade. There are three main varieties of this versatile plant. They are tall and short lived (fast growing) orchid, true hemp and indoor plant, cannabis. The taller plant produces the bulk of the crop, while the shorter ones produce the stems and leaves. All varieties are high in fiber and contain less protein than most other plants.
Cultivating Hemp is simple if the soil is prepared correctly. The first step is to determine where the hemp plants are going to be located during the growing season. This will be decided based upon where they are likely to grow best. A row, piece of land or container will be selected. Care must be taken to ensure that the selected area receives an ample amount of sunlight. Watering and fertilizing the soil is also an important part of hemp growing.
Hemp seeds are purchased at most garden centers and nurseries as well as online stores. The proper temperature, nutrients and moisture levels are crucial to successful growing. When the plant growth begins, the main crop is the result of vigorous growth of the seedling. The smaller secondary crops are the result of the parent plant growing out to produce new hemp.
Hemp can be grown using a variety of techniques. The most common technique is to grow the plant in a large field of either composted or natural soil. Hemp can also be grown in indoor environments using hydroponics systems, greenhouses or aeroponics. Hemp seed should be purchased prior to the commencement of plant growth.
Hemp can be grown all year long; however, the yield will be low during the winter months when the plants are dormant. Hemp can be grown with minimal effort during any season. The initial investment into a growing area for growing hemp will provide high returns with low maintenance. A continuous supply of hemp seed will continue to provide income even after the crop is harvested. This is the main reason why so many farmers are investing time and energy into hemp today.
Hemp can be grown in a variety of climates, such as cool, damp and warm. It will grow as long as there is a substantial amount of moisture in the soil. During the time the plants are growing, there should not be too much pressure applied on the plants as this will prevent the hemp from becoming too tall.
The plants will produce a large amount of leaves during the growing season. The number of plants that you want to grow should be based on your personal preference. When the plants begin to produce, they will only grow to one inch in height. They will stay quite tiny during the winter months.
Hemp can be grown indoors but it will take some special consideration in order to keep them from becoming overgrown. It will be necessary to remove any overgrown grass clippings after the plant has finished growing. In order to maintain the integrity of the soil, you will need to fertilize and water the soil each time the Hemp is growing.
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