Hemp is one of the most beneficial of all plants for gardens, because it is not affected by the many destructive insects and fungi that are so prevalent in other plants. Hemp can be used both for food and as a source of fiber. When used as a food source, it provides protein, carbohydrates, minerals, and vitamins essential to human nutrition. Some varieties of hemp are even high in fiber, making them excellent dietary sources for individuals who are dieting or trying to lose weight. The high fiber content helps to reduce constipation and promote regularity.
The hemp plant, also known as cannabis sativa, is a tall, aromatic, evergreen perennial plant with dense gray-green foliage. The narrow, slender stalks are erect and hollow at the top but not at the base. The foliage is usually laced with palmate tissue, and the flower buds are usually spike-like with palmate fleshy-tissue at the tips. The flowers are small, dark green, and usually capsule-shaped. Most species are cultivar, meaning that they are closely related and share similar physical traits.
Hemp is one of several varieties of cannabis and is sometimes called “hippie fibre”, or “hippie plant”. Most hemp plants are self-fertile; however, some have been cultivated to be hyper-allergenic, which may explain why hemp is often used in the manufacture of clothing. Many varieties of hemp have high levels of fiber and starch, which gives them a high starch content and makes them excellent for manufacturing fabric. There are no flowers on most hemp plants, but the open flower heads are used for the production of linen and clothing fabrics.
It was approximately 6000 years ago that the first hemp plant was cultivated and recorded in historical records. One crop recorded was from Ireland, and described as being large and bushy, with the stalks being hollow. Hemp was used for several years as a powerful agricultural crop in that country, producing stalks for the production of fiber and stalks for fuel, both of which were used in architecture. In England, hemp was used as a source of rope, because of its high strength and soft nature, making it ideal for both rope and sail.
Since the days of the Irish, hemp cultivation has steadily increased throughout the world, with the greatest concentration being in Europe. Today, Canada, Australia, America, India, and some Asian countries produce a significant amount of this versatile plant. In North America, many farmers grow a substantial crop of this versatile crop for cash. It is a highly profitable crop, with annual harvests averaging over nine million kilograms (equivalent to about seven million pounds) per year. As such, the potential for future yield growth is promising for farmers, especially those who specialize in biotechnological Hemp innovation.
Biotechnological Hemp cultivation is simply the application of biotechnology to agriculture and crop production. In simple terms, this involves using living crops as a source of food, fuel or other products. The primary crops that are used in biotechnological hemp cultivation include alfalfa, clover, marijuana, oat straw, and wheat. These plants have the ability to grow very tall, which is essential to make tall growing stalks useful for the production of fiber, fuel, medicines, plastics, and many other products. This means that less land is required to cultivate the plants, making them environmentally sustainable.
Hemp seeds can be used to make many different items, including clothing, fertilizer, cosmetics, body care products, dietary supplements, and pharmaceuticals. While Hemp is best known for its high end clothing, it is an excellent resource for those interested in expanding their consumer base, as well as those interested in providing their own health benefits. As such, it is an excellent choice when deciding on a way to incorporate hemp into your life. In fact, there are so many uses for the fiber from the plant that it is difficult to list them all here.
However, three main areas of the hemp plant production are listed above. The primary plant sources of fiber that are used for making fiber are tall fescue, hemp straw, and alfalfa. Sativa plants, which are native to the Andes Mountains, are also useful in the production of Sativa and other recreational drugs. Finally, hemp plants grown for their seeds yield the most concentrated and powerful forms of Hemp. These produce the most healthful products, such as CBD oil, hemp seed extract, hemp seed capsules, hemp oil, hemp seeds and other products, and hemp bar soaps and other natural bath soaps.
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