The hemp plant, a tall, aromatic, erect shrub. The narrow canelike stems are needlelike, but at the center and tip. The leaves are large, glossy with palmate form, and the flowers are yellow and pale green. To harvest the leaves, separate them from the stems by picking at the base. The yellow flowers are used in Chinese medicine, but the American interest is mostly in the fiber of the plant.
The name ‘Hemp’ is derived from the word helwn which means hemp plant or hemp in Scottish. Early Dutch and English documents show that hemp was cultivated and used as early as the 12th century. It was cultivated in America beginning in the 17th century, probably because of the need for paper. Hemp was highly valued in that era, both for the use of clothing and for the extraction of cash. In colonial times hemp was used for rope and sails. In England, textile fibers were even used in the construction of the ubiquitous rope rolls.
Hemp is a tall, tough plant with grayish blue to pale green foliage and pinkish red flowers. It is a perennial weed found in North America, mostly in the southern part of the continent, though it is able to grow up to eight feet tall in some locations. The tall stalks of the hemp plant are rich in fiber and contain an oil which is extracted for use in cosmetics, food and health products.
The major purpose of the hemp seed is to increase the quantity and quality of life, with the potential to reduce many common illnesses. One of the benefits of hemp seed oil is that it can help with constipation. This is due to the effect of the fiber, the seed contains in assisting the colon to absorb more water and waste. The fiber also improves digestion, making you more full and satisfied after each meal.
Many people also believe that hemp grown in the USA is not as strong or healthy as hemp grown elsewhere in the world. However this could not be further from the truth. Hemp seeds are nurtured under controlled conditions and were grown at temperatures which are much higher than the norm for other crops grown in agricultural zones. Hemp grown in this way has a higher proportion of fiber to starch, making it far easier for the plant to absorb nutrients.
Apart from its high quality of fiber, hemp seeds and stalks contain numerous other beneficial attributes. One benefit of using hemp seeds and stalk is that it offers a level of resistance to many common pesticides and chemicals. As a result of its natural resilience, the plants are not vulnerable to harmful insects such as deer ticks. Also, insects such as spider, copperhead, wolf spiders and varroa mites are unable to eat this plant. There have been no reports of negative effects caused by hemp grown in the field unlike that of most other crops.
Hemp grown in the United States is high in protein content, high in starch and low in carbohydrates. The fiber content is also very high and helps in reducing water wastage. Hemp can be used both as a source of food and fuel. It has been successfully used as a substitute for cash crops due to its exceptional sustainability levels. It has a very high ability to withstand adverse environmental factors such as wind and rain. As such, it can sustain itself for long stretches even in conditions where other crops have failed.
In order to make good use of hemp seed and stalk, farmers in the united states have been growing this crop on a large scale for decades now. Even in its earliest form as a crop, this crop has been extremely popular due to its advantages over other crops. Today, over 60 million acres are in cultivation of this versatile crop and this number is steadily increasing. Due to this increasing demand for this plant fiber as building materials and fuel, the United States has become a world leader in hemp production.
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